托业考试大纲词汇

发布时间:2018-08-05 14:35:15 编辑:Admin 手机版

?以下是无忧考网整理的托业考试大纲词汇,仅供参考。

  adjust—— To change so as to match or fit; cause to correspond修改=alter To adjust (a garment) for a better fit修改   adjoining—— Neighboring; contiguous接临的=neighboring   adaptation—— Something, such as a device or mechanism, that is changed or changes so as to become suitable to a new or special application or situation改装=modification   acute—— Extremely sharp or severe; intense强烈的=intense   Keenly perceptive or discerning; penetrating聪明的=sharp   accustomed—— Being in the habit of习惯的=used to   accumulate—— To gather or pile up; amass收集,堆集;积累=collect   accompany—— To be or go with as a companion陪伴=travel with   accompaniment—— Something, such as a situation, that accompanies something else; a concomitant伴随状况伴随发生的事物=attendant An accompanying thing or circumstance; a concomitant伴随物伴随的事物或情况;伴随物   accommodate—— To provide for; supply with提供住处;供应=lodge To provide with temporary quarters, especially for sleeping提供住处   acclaimed—— To be praised enthusiastically and often publicly; applauded喝彩地,赞赏地=praised   accelerate—— To cause to develop or progress more quickly使加快=increased   abundance—— Fullness to overflowing丰富=profusion The state of being profuse; abundance丰富   absurd—— Ridiculously incongruous or unreasonable荒诞的,荒唐的=preposterous Contrary to nature, reason, or common sense; absurd荒谬的   abandon—— To give up by leaving or ceasing to operate or inhabit, especially as a result of danger or other impending threat离弃=give up   awareness——shavingsknowledge or cognizance意识到的或认识到的=realization   available—— Present and ready for use; at hand; accessible可用的现实可用的;手边的;可获得的=accessible   attribute—— A quality or characteristic inherent in or ascribed to someone or something品质、属性=characteristic, trait   attire—— Clothing or array; apparel服装、盛装;服饰=clothing   attach—— To fasten, secure, or join系,贴或连接=fasten, stick to   assortment—— A collection of various kinds; a variety多种多样=variety   astonishing—— Filling with sudden wonder or amazement惊奇的,奇怪的=startling   astounding——To be astonishing and bewildering震惊极为惊讶和迷惑不解=surprising   assemble—— To bring or call togethersintosasgroupsor whole召集集合=gathering   ascend—— To slope upward爬坡倾斜而上=climb of   ascribe to——assume to be true   arduous—— Demanding great effort or labor; difficult困难的=difficult,   Testing severely the powers of endurance; strenuous艰苦的=strenuous Requiring great effort, energy, or exertion艰巨的   arid—— Lacking moisture, especiallyshavingsinsufficient rainfall to support trees or woody plants干旱的缺乏水分=dry   aptly—— Exactly suitable; appropriately合适的=appropriately   approach—— To come near or nearer, as in space or time接近靠近=near   appeal—— The power of attracting or of arousing interest吸引力=attraction   apart from—— With the exception of; besides除…外;除…外还=except for   anonymous——shavingsan unknown or unacknowledged name匿名的=unknown   annually—— Recurring, done, or performed every year; yearly每年的=yearly   annihilate—— To defeat decisively; vanquish战胜=conquer To defeat or subdue by force, especially by force of arms征服   alloy—— To combine; mix融合;混合=blend, mix   altitude—— The height of a thing above a reference level, especially above sea level or above the earth's surface高度=elevation   affluent—— Generously supplied with money, property, or possessions; prosperous or rich富裕的=wealthy   afflict—— To inflict grievous physical or mental suffering on折磨=problem   affect—— To have or show a liking for喜欢=fondness   aesthetically—— Artistically有艺术的,在艺术上的=artistically   adverse—— Acting or serving to oppose; antagonistic敌对的=oppose, ill   adversely—— harmfully or unfavorable有害的或不利的=negatively Marked by or exhibiting features, such as hostility, that cannot be deemed positive or constructive反面的   advocate—— One that argues for a cause; a supporter or defender支持者或保护者=proponent To speak, plead, or argue in favor of拥护演说=urge, preach   adorn—— To lend beauty to; decorate使美观为…增添美;装饰=decorate   adopt—— To take on or assume采取采用或接受=take on   brilliance—— The state or quality of being brilliant光辉=radiant   boundary—— Something that indicates a border or limit边界=dividing line   breach—— A violation or infraction, as of a law, a legal obligation, or a promise破坏,违犯=violation   boost—— To increase; raise增加;拔高;To raise or lift by pushing up from behind or below推、举=raise   blend—— To combine (varieties or grades) to obtain a mixture of a particular character, quality, or consistency把…掺在一起混合=combine, mix   bizarre—— Strikingly unconventional and far-fetched in style or appearance; odd古怪的=odd   bias—— A preference or an inclination, especially one that inhibits impartial judgment偏见=prejudice   beam—— A ray or shaft of light光柱,光束=ray   be characterized by——distinguish   barren—— Lacking vegetation, especially useful vegetation不毛的=infertile   balmy—— Mild and pleasant温和的=mild   comprise—— To consist of; be composed of由…构成=consist of ,make up   conception—— Something conceived in the mind; a concept, plan, design, idea, or thought概念、计划、设计或思想=notion A mental image or representation; an idea or conception心理形象或象征;想法或构思   composed of ——To create or produce (a literary or musical piece)创作或制作=create   component—— A constituent element, as of a system组成要素=element, part   comparable—— Similar or equivalent相似或相当=similar   compile—— To put together or compose from materials gathered from several sources汇编=put togethe   community—— Society as a whole; the public作为整体的社会;大众。Asgroupsof plants and animals living and interacting with one another in a specific region under relatively similar environmental conditions共生动物群的一群植物和动物=settlement, society   commodity—— Something useful that can be turned to commercial or other advantage商品=goods   coincide—— To happen at the same time or during the same period同时发生=occur at the same time   cohesion—— The act, process, or condition of cohering结合=unity The combination or arrangement of partssintosa whole; unification统一   cluster—— To gather or growsintosbunches丛生=concentrate   classify—— To arrange or organize according to class or category分类=categorize   cling to —— v.依附,依靠,坚持=stick to   cite —— To mention or bring forward as support, illustration, or proof引证把…作为支持、说明或证明而提及或提出=mention   check ——monitor To check the quality or content of (an electronic audio or visual signal) by means of a receiver监听,收听;To check by means of an electronic receiver for significant content, such as military, political, or illegal activity窃听   celestial—— Of or relating to the sky or the heavens天空的=astronomical   cease—— To put an end to; discontinue使…停止;中止=stop   capability—— The quality of being capable; ability能力=ability   cumbersome —— Troublesome or onerous麻烦的=burdensome   crisscross—— To move back and forth through or over交叉移动move back and forth   crawl—— To move slowly on the hands and knees or by dragging the body along the ground; creep爬行=creep   counterpart—— A copy or duplicate of a legal paper复制品=version An adaptation of a work of art or literaturesintosanother medium or style版本   counteract—— To oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary action; check抵制,抵消=negate   core —— The basic or most important part; the essence核心,本质=center   conventional—— Conforming to established practice or accepted standards; traditional传统的=traditional   contribute to —— v.捐献=donate To present as a gift to a fund or cause; contribute捐赠   consumption——The act or process of consuming消耗=eating   constrain——To keep within close bounds; confine限制=bound To set a limit to; confine限制   constitute——To found (an institution, for example)创建=make up   constituent——Serving as part of a whole; component组成的=component   constantly——Continually occurring; persistently持续的=continuously   conspicuous——Attracting attention, as by being unusual or remarkable; noticeable值得注意的=noticeable   consort with ——v.陪伴=associate To keep company陪伴   conserve——To protect from loss or harm; preserve保存,保护=retain vt.留住;保住   consequence——Something that logically or naturally follows from an action or condition结果=result   conjecture——A statement, an opinion, or a conclusion based on guesswork猜想=based on guessing   congestion——To be overfilled or overcrowded堵塞=overcrowded, crowded   conflicting——To be opposing; different对立的,不同的=opposing, contrary   confront——To come face to face with, especially with defiance or hostility面对与…面对面的=face To confront with complete awareness面对   confine to ——To keep within bounds; restrict限制=limit, cramp Restrict; narrow受限制外语学习网   confederacy——A union of persons, parties, or states; a league联盟=ally One that is allied with another, especially by treaty同盟者   conceal——To keep from being seen, found, observed, or discovered; hide隐藏=hide   dramatically——Arresting or forceful in appearance or effect引人注目的=striking   durable——Lasting; stable持久的;稳定的=lasting   domains——[计]域=fields考试用书   domestic——Tame or domesticated. Used of animals驯养的=tame   dominate——To enjoy a commanding, controlling position in占支配地位=be prevalent in   divergence——Difference, as of opinion意见分歧difference   diverse——Made up of distinct characteristics, qualities, or elements多种多样的=various   dogma——An authoritative principle, belief, or statement of ideas or opinion, especially one considered to be absolutely true信条=belief   distinction——The condition or fact of being dissimilar or distinct; difference差别=difference   distinct——Readily distinguishable from all others; discrete有区别的,不同的=different, separate, definite   dispute——To argue about; debate就…进行争论=argument, disagreement   disseminate——To spread abroad; promulgate散布=spread, distribute   disposal——The act or process of getting rid of something除掉=get rid of   discrete——Constituting a separate thing; distinct分离的=separate Existing as an independent entity单独的   discard——To throw away; reject丢弃,抛弃=get rid of   diffuse——To become widely dispersed; spread out散布=travel To be transmitted, as light or sound; move or pass传送   differentiate——To constitute the distinction between区分=distinguish To perceive as being different or distinct区分   dictate——To prescribe with authority; impose命令;To issue orders or commands命令=determine To reach a decision; resolve解决,决定,=prescribe To set down as a rule or guide; enjoin指定,规定   devastate——To lay waste; destroy变成废墟,荒芜;破坏=ruin   device——A contrivance or an invention serving a particular purpose, especially a machine used to perform one or more relatively simple tasks机器=instrument A device for recording, measuring, or controlling, especially such a device functioning as part of a control system仪表   devoid of ——free of无……的,免於……的;摆脱了……的   destruction——The act of destroying毁灭=demolition The act or process of wrecking or destroying, especially destruction by explosives.摧毁破坏   detect——To discover or ascertain the existence, presence, or fact of查明;发现=discover, sense To become aware of; perceive感觉意识到   detectable——Can be discovered or ascertained the existence, presence, or fact可查明;可发现apparent, measurable,sizable   derive——To obtain or receive from a source得到=obtain,To issue from a source; originate起源於=stem from   depression——An area that is sunk below its surroundings; a hollow下陷处=low   depressed——Low in spirits; dejected情绪低落的;沮丧的=saddened   deposit——To put or set down; place放置=place, lay   deplete——To decrease the fullness of; use up or empty out消灭,用完或用光=exhaust, run out   dense——Hard to penetrate; thick浓厚的=thick, heavy   delicate——Marked by sensitivity of discrimination敏锐的=sensitive,Easily broken or damaged脆弱的=fragile   delicate——Considerate of the feelings of others体贴的=careful, intentionally   deft——Quick and skillful; adroit灵巧的=skilled

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